Editorial Policy


A Preprint is a complete scientific manuscript that is deposited by the authors on a platform. This is published after being accepted in the COLUNA/COLUMNA journal and on the SciELO Preprint platform. The Preprint can be viewed free of charge, allowing scientists to directly control the dissemination of their work to the global scientific community. In most cases, the same work published as a Preprint is also submitted for peer review in a journal. Thus, Preprints (not validated through peer-review) and journal publication (validated through peer-review) work in parallel as a communication system for scientific research.

Depositing a manuscript on more than one Preprints platform is not considered duplicate publication.

From 2021 we will accept preprints and the use of open science platforms as a way of encouraging communication between authors. 


Peer Review Process

Peer Review

After the entire submission process, the editorial office and the preliminary analysis by the area editors (desk review), the articles can be sent for evaluation by the referees.  The area editors on the editorial board of the journal Coluna/Columna are mostly university professors, which allows for a careful and rigorous peer review.

All manuscripts, after approval by the area editors, will be analyzed by two or more reviewers. Articles that lack merit and do not fit in with the journal’s editorial policy will be rejected and cannot be appealed. The reviewers’ comments will be returned to the authors for changes to the text or justification for their retention. After approval by the reviewers, the articles will be forwarded to the area editors for final approval.

Articles accepted for publication may undergo editorial revisions to make them clearer and easier to understand, without altering the content.

Review process and additional information

All the scientific contributions are analyzed in the following order:
Editorial Office → Area Editors and Editorial Board Evaluators.

All papers submitted to the COLUNA/COLUMNA journal will be subject to an initial desk review by the editors, who will decide whether or not to send them to peer review.

In line with Open Science communication practices, the journal’s editorial policy now includes opening up the peer review process in agreement with the referee by filling in the Open Science Compliance Form.

If the documents are not sent in full, the article will not be submitted.

Authors have 20 days from the date of receipt of the communication to make the changes requested by the reviewers. Failure to meet this deadline will result in the article being withdrawn from the review process.

Bulky or substantial changes will not be accepted after the article has been accepted for publication, nor in the final proof of the article.

Communications will be made exclusively by system message and e-mail.

Requests sent to the COLUNA/COLUMNA journal before the article is approved must be made through the SciELO Submission System. And after the article has been approved, they should be sent by e-mail to coluna.columna@uol.com.br and no longer through the SciELO Submission System.

The subject referenced in the e-mail coluna.columna@uol.com.br should not be changed and questions not pertinent to the subject cited should be sent in another communication with an appropriate subject and article identification number.

The final layout versions (Portuguese, English or Spanish) will be sent to the author, who should return within 48 hours with only minimal changes. If the author does not respond by the deadline, these will be considered the final versions for publication, with no possibility of subsequent changes.


Open data


The COLUNA/COLUMNA journal encourages the sharing, citation and referencing of all data, program codes and other content underlying the texts of articles in order to facilitate the evaluation of research, the replicability of research, and the preservation and reuse of content.  Data sharing can be published on the SciELO Dataverse platform (https://data.scielo.org/)

Citations should facilitate access to the content of the research, so as articles, books and online publications are cited, the data should be cited in an appropriate place in the text and the reference cited in the reference list according to Vancouver standards.




COLUNA/COLUMNA does not charge any fees (APC) for texts published or submitted for evaluation, review, publication, distribution or download. The publication is completely free and open access.

Its financial sustainability comes from the Brazilian Spine Society (https://www.coluna.com.br/).


Ethics and Misconduct, Correction and Retraction Policy


COLUNA/COLUMNA publishes Errata and Retraction Notices depending on the situation and in accordance with the Good Practice Guide for strengthening ethics in scientific publishing.

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been previously published (except in the form of an abstract, published lecture or academic thesis). The article will first be evaluated for compliance with the Journal’s rules.


Policy on Conflict of Interest


Authors are obliged to disclose any potential conflict of interest. Conflicts of interest can be of a personal, commercial, political, academic or financial nature. Conflicts of interest can occur when authors, reviewers or editors have interests that can influence the preparation or evaluation of manuscripts. When submitting the manuscript, authors are responsible for acknowledging and disclosing financial or other conflicts that may have influenced the work and signing the Conflict of Interest Statement.

For Proofreaders and Editors: Declare any conflicts of interest directly to the journal or the editor-in-chief before starting the review process or editorial decisions.Clearly detail the relevant conflicts or confirm the absence of conflicts.


Adoption of similarity software


COLUNA/COLUMNA uses CopySpider  software (https://copyspider.com.br/main/pt-br) to check the originality of articles before publication. Similarity will be considered when the report generated by the program shows long texts (more than 30%) that demonstrate plagiarism. When plagiarism is detected, the authors are informed, with a report generated by the software. If duplicates are found, the authors are contacted and the article is rejected for publication.

Gender and Sex Issues


The journal COLUNA/COLUMNA and its editorial team must always comply with the Sex and Gender Equity in Research (SAGER) guidelines. The SAGER guidelines comprise a set of guidelines that guide the reporting of sex and gender information in study design, data analysis and the results and interpretation of findings. In addition, the COLUNA/COLUMNA observes a policy of gender equality in the formation of its editorial board.


Ethics Committee


Bioethics of experiments on human beings
Experiments involving human beings must follow the specific resolution of the National Health Council (No. 196/96), including the signing of an Informed Consent Form and the protection of volunteers’ privacy. In experimental work involving human beings, the authors must indicate whether the procedures followed the ethical standards of the committee responsible for human experimentation (institutional and national) and the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975, revised in 2008. A declaration of approval from the local ethics committee must be sent via the Brazil Platform. Studies carried out on humans must comply with ethical standards and with the participants’ free and informed consent in accordance with Resolution 466/2012 of the National Health Council of the Ministry of Health (Brazil), which deals with the Code of Ethics for Research on Human Beings and, for authors outside Brazil, must comply with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). (https://publicationethics.org/)

Bioethics of animal experiments
The work described in the article must have been carried out in accordance with ethical principles in animal experimentation, in accordance with Law 11.794/08 (http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2007-2010/2008/lei/l11794.htm), which establishes procedures for the scientific use of animals and makes it compulsory to submit research projects to institutional research ethics committees. For more information, consult Conselho Nacional de Controle de Experimentação Animal.
(CONCEA) https://www.gov.br/mcti/pt-br/composicao/conselhos/concea
and the Colégio Brasileiro de Experimentação Animal (COBEA).



Authors of articles published in COLUNA/COLUMNA maintain the copyright of their work, licensing it under the Creative Commons License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.pt), which allows articles to be reused and distributed without restriction, provided that the original work is correctly cited. The authors grant COLUNA/COLUMNA the right of first publication.


Intellectual Property and Terms of Use


Responsibility of the site:


  • The publication reserves the right to make normative, orthographic and grammatical changes to the originals in order to maintain the cultured standard of the language, while respecting the authors’ style.
  • The originals will not be returned to the authors.


Responsibility of the author:


  • The authors retain full rights to their work published in the COLUNA/COLUMNA journal, and its total or partial reprint, deposit or republication is subject to the indication of first publication in the journal, using the CC-BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/deed.pt)
  • The source of the original publication must be cited;
  • The opinions expressed by the authors of the articles are their sole responsibility;
  • COLUNA/COLUMNA encourages Authors to self-archive their accepted manuscripts by publishing them on personal blogs, institutional repositories and academic social media, as well as posting them on their personal social media, provided that the full citation to the journal’s website version is included;

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